As it turned out, they did not have to do any actual fighting, but they did endure many hardships and harrowing experiences. Click Here To 'Like' Meridian Magazine on Facebook, Pittsburgh Pennsylvania Temple Location Announced, Temple in Tooele Relocated and Renamed, Meridian Readers are Talking about the New Nauvoo Diary, Why Elizabeth Smart’s grandmother’s passing inspired her to compete on ‘The Masked Dancer’, 10 Tips To Keep Your Kids Safe on Social Media, Come, Follow Me For Individuals and Families: “What Lack I Yet?” Matthew 19-20; Mark 10; Luke 18, Photo Essay: Come with Young Joseph into the Sacred Grove, Five Secrets the Book of Mormon Reveals about the Rise and Fall of Nations. Saved from img.deseretnews.com. Contact the Park. That simple visit had at least three pretty profound results: a deeper appreciation for the Battalion, a greater love for my fourth-great-grandfather Richard Sessions, and the creation of two maps to honor the Battalion and educate those who would like to learn more. the Mormon Trail is a part of the United States National Trails System, known as the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail The Mormon Trail extends History of . This road opened California to colonization by the United Statas, bringing Mormon recruits were mustered on Thursday, July 16, 1846. There will be a fee involved for participants ranging from $15 per day for day-trekkers to $50 per day for Cooke’s Cadre, and online reservations are required. Add your article. I am so grateful this mapping process helped me learn more about the Battalion in general and my ancestor, Richard Sessions, in particular. The Mormon Battalion, was the only religiously based infantry unit ever created by Presidential order.It consisted of nearly 500 men recruited exclusively from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (commonly called the Mormons). Q – Any other goals? • Blazed “Cooke’s Wagon Road” across the Southwest • Established the Southern Emigrant Trail to reach California gold country • Route used by Jackass Mail line, Butterfield Stagecoach Line, Southern Pacific Railroad The battalion was a volunteer unit of between 534 and 559 Latter-day Saint men, led by Mormon company officers commanded by regular U. The Battalion blazed the trail from the Rio Grande River to the Pacific Ocean. ... Illinois and later presented by Brigham young to the Mormon Battalion for their march to fight in the war with Mexico. The Mormon Battalion Longest Infantry march in United States History. During these discussions I learned that among the workers that constructed Sutter’s Mill were a number of veterans of the Mormon Battalion. The idea for the map began when I got to talking to one of the historic site’s senior missionaries. In the 1950s, the Mormons re-established a Mormon Battalion with the goal of erecting monuments along the entire march route to honor the original Battalion. True faithful saints - they went though so much for us. Prior to the march, East-West travel across the southern territories of New Mexico, Arizona and California was not suitable for wagon traffic. Their year-long enlistment included a $42 clothing ration. ACCOMPLISHMENTS/LEGACY OF THE MORMON BATTALION • Uniform allowance was donated to help finance the Mormon pioneer’s westward treks to Salt Lake valley. Veterans of the battalion played significant roles in America's westward expansion in California, Utah, Arizona and other parts of the West. The Bay County Historical Society hosts an annual event along the Saginaw River called “The River of Time.” Reenactors from all time periods are invited – from archaic Indians, French voyageurs, Revolutionary War, Civil War, all the way up to the Gulf War. The Mormon Battalion exhibit is an informational experience detailing the journey of the early members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day-Saints who were recruited to march to battle in the war between the United States and Mexico. The trek will begin on July 4, 2008, and is scheduled to end on Feb. 21, 2009. His youngest child was just 6 months old. Click Here To 'Like' Meridian Magazine on Facebook, How social media fuels attacks on sacred spaces, Latter-day Saint Fiction: A Step Into Another Time, Elect Ladies: Why Moms Might Not Be Elected, Come, Follow Me for Individuals and Families: Joseph Smith—Matthew 1; Matthew 25; Mark 12–13; Luke 21, Photo Essay: Come with Young Joseph into the Sacred Grove, https://www.lds.org/new-era/2009/07/marching-with-the-battalion?lang=eng, Five Secrets the Book of Mormon Reveals about the Rise and Fall of Nations. Driving directions and state maps for following the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail by automobile are available. All soldiers, whether en route to the Salt Lake Valley via Pueblo or still in Los Angeles, were mustered out of the United States Army on 16 July 1847. The commander of the Mormon Battalion decided to go through Tucson regardless of the wishes of the Mexican soldiers. Lt. Col. Philip St. George Cooke was the Mormon Battalion commander from Santa Fe to California. This part of the westward march was a learning period that greatly influenced Mormon history long afterward. They completed what remains as one of the longest infantry marches in US military history. When approximately 330 people trudged into town on January 29, 1847, the locals certainly noticed. President Joseph F. Smith on Finding Peace in Perilous Times, Has Orson Hyde’s Prayer Been Fulfilled? One of the Mormon Battalion's greatest accomplishments was to open a southern wagon route to California. So the map needed to be clean, clear, and inviting to look at. Please choose from the following two options: 1. After a year of service, the Battalion was disbanded at Los Angeles. Why Did Moroni Quote Malachi about Elijah’s Coming? Directions to the marker include: 35° 27.098′ N, 106° 21.231′ W. Marker is near Santo Domingo Pueblo, New Mexico, in Sandoval County. Monday and Tuesday, July 20–21, 1846, the Mormon Battalion left Council Bluffs. Cope, New Era, Jul 2009, https://www.lds.org/new-era/2009/07/marching-with-the-battalion?lang=eng. July 20 is the 170th anniversary of the Battalion’s departure from Council Bluffs, Iowa. So if my dates and numbers are a little different from something else you’ve seen, that’s why. The Mormon Battalion also opened a southern wagon route to California. Those initial dates and figures had been sourced from official Church publications (Ensign articles, institute manuals, etc. Within that text, I found it interesting that several dates and figures from my initial draft were changed by my missionary friend in San Diego. At its completion, Col. Cooke declared “we have discovered and … [ Map of Mormon Battalion Route] The Mormon Battalion, composed of 500 men mustered into the service of the United States in the war with Mexico was called to the colors as the Mormon pioneers were beginning their historic trek to the Rocky Mountains at the conclusion of the 2,000 mile march from Council Bluffs Iowa to San Diego California. So for Richard, what could have been a 3-month, 1,000-mile journey to Salt Lake took 5,000 miles and more than 3 years. The Saints had learned only the rudimentary lessons of emigration during the famous Zion’s Camp march from Ohio to Missouri in 1834. Route hand drawn with purple felt pen on base map Base map: U.S. Geological Survey "Western United States 1:250,000" topographic series Description based on print version record 1 cat-rda DigitalMapProject Georeferenced (world file) : WGS84 Decimal Degrees Scanned USGS Western United States 1:250,000 … The Mormon Battalion, the only religion-based unit in United States military history, served from July 1846 – July 1847 during the Mexican–American War of 1846–1848. Henson realizes that such a trek requires a time commitment that many cannot make. David Glassett creates his maps through Peaceful Valley Maps (www.pvmaps.com). The volunteers served from July 1846 – July 1847 during the Mexican–American War of 1846–1848. ... Auto Tour Route Driving Directions and Maps. Already a military veteran when he enlisted in the Battalion and a Church member less than 3 years, he left behind his wife, mother, two sisters, and most of his children (two sons joined him). I am the stake historical affairs representative. You may have wondered by now, “How do you know where the Battalion marched? The march also opened a southern wagon route to California. The trail map showing the route of the Mormon Battalion. I much prefer choice number two. The march also opened a southern wagon route to California, and veterans of the battalion played significant roles in the westward expansion of California, Utah, Arizona, and other parts of the West. The Mexicans retreated as the US battalion approached. If you would like a copy of the bookmark version, please email him at [email protected]. Mormon Battalion Trail is one of the Historic Trails of America. During my dealings with the county historian, I had the opportunity to discuss with him the discovery of gold at Sutter’s Mill in nearby Coloma, California. While no Mormon was killed in the venture, two died enroute. Because the Pony Express Trail ran right through the property, we were required as a condition of development of the property to work with the El Dorado County historian to make sure that any historically significant artifacts were properly preserved. The Battalion blazed the trail from the Rio Grande River to the Pacific Ocean. Together, they made the 1,000-mile journey to the Salt Lake Valley in 1850. Information is found on the home page in a tab on the right titled “Travel the Trail as a Virtual VIP.”. What most impressed the county historian about the Mormon workers was that after the discovery of gold, when thousands were flooding into California to seek their fortunes, a number these faithful brethren finished their contract with John Sutter and then continued their journey back to Utah to rejoin their wives and children, giving up what many would have considered the chance of a lifetime. Mormon Battalion. Jul 31, 2016 - Picturing history: Mormon Battalion route in California. 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