Their analysis showed that the genes associated with this individual's Iranian ancestry came from before the time when farmers and hunter-gatherers in the area separated from each other. The current results published in the Science only strengthens this picture of the bioRxiv version with even more data samples. As the results of the Rakhigarhi study leak steadily into the public domain, a political backlash seems inevitable -- and largely predictable: some exultation from Dravidianists and the legion of anti-Hindutva Indians for many of whom the fall of Delhi in the 2014 election is seen as a calamitous replay of that fabled 'Vedic Aryan invasion'. But the team managed to find enough DNA from the 4,000 to 5,000 year old remains by re-sampling the skeleton over 100 times and pooling the results. It shows that the single skeleton that yielded DNA was of a woman who was … During the last few millennia B.C., beginning roughly 5,000 years ago, … The real importance of the Science paper is reading it with the Rakhigarhi paper in Cell. ... We have covered in these columns the earlier results ... but are genetically very close to the Rakhigarhi DNA. Rakhigarhi DNA findings published, finally. ... but are genetically very close to the Rakhigarhi DNA. The ancient DNA results have led to a rejection of the mass human migration and invasion theory during the Harappan period from Central Asia/Iran. Himanshu Nitnaware / Updated: Sep 7, 2019, 06:16 IST. 30 Sep 2019. A new DNA study has led to a lot of claims and counterclaims By Rajalakshmi Karakulam September 09, 2019 20:41 IST (Left) Geographic location of the archaeological site of Rakhigarhi and other significant Harappan sites, and (right) photograph of the burial and associated typical IVC grave goods | Image courtesy: cell.com In 2011, the Centre for Biotechnology & Nanotechnology, Sree Buddha College of Engineering, Kerala, conducted DNA testing on the Ezhava community and the result was that they were genetically closer to Sikhs, Turks and Germans than to the Tamils who are next door neighbours. The current results published in the Science only strengthen this picture with even more data samples. Rakhigarhi, is a village in Hisar District in the state of Haryana in India is the site of a pre-Indus Valley Civilization settlement going back to millennia. Rakhigarhi is the largest Indus Valley site in India, even larger than Mohenjodaro in Sindh, Pakistan, and was ‘discovered’ by British archaeologists in the 1920s. The real importance of the Science paper is reading it along with the Rakhigarhi paper in Cell. October 03, 2019 by Prabir Purkayastha. The genome study has shown an absence of steppe pastoralists or ancient Iranian farmers coming in from the Fertile Crescent, in the genetic makeup of the Harappans. And all the 12—11 from Gonur and Sahr-i-Shokta and one from Rakhigarhi—show strong South Asian ancient population markers, apart from that of ancient Iranian hunter gatherers. DNA analysis can also throw up unexpected results. In a big blow to the historians still reeling from a colonial hangover, a DNA study on skeletons found in Rakhigarhi has found no traces of the Aryan gene, wrecking the basis of the Aryan Invasion Theory. Rare Ancient DNA Provides Window Into a 5,000-Year-Old South Asian Civilization ... 2019.

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